In addition, all three lotions have the following base ingredients:
Palmitoyl Pentapeptide (PP): A unique and fairly new molecule that has been shown to imitate the skin’s natural rejuvenation process, stimulating renewal and natural exfoliation of the skin’s surface without the use of harsh ingredients. PP regenerates the dermal layer by developing new collagen, elastin and glycosamainoglycans. PP not only renews the skin’s dermis layer, it also makes it noticeably thicker which adds to improved appearance of the skin and also has the added benefits of protecting itself against the harmful elements of the environment. Palmitoyl pentapeptide is a relatively small molecule, consisting of five amino acids (protein) linked together and attached to a fatty acid to enhance oil solubility for better skin penetration. Proponents, including scientists at Proctor & Gamble and Sederma (makers of Stri-Vectin), claim that PP is at least as effective against wrinkles as retinol while not causing skin irritation, a common side-effect of retinoids.
Acetyl Hexapeptide: is an amino peptide consisting of six linked amino acids. It relaxes muscle contraction and reduces the frequency of contractions. It has been shown to produce the positive results you might expect from Botox®, BUT without paralyzing the muscle, and in the friendly form of an everyday cream. After a few minutes of application, the skin feels more taut and “lifted”.